What is Science Education?

Science education is the teaching of science subjects to students. It can obviously be much more complicated and nuanced than that, of course. The following is a detailed overview of this educational niche and how students can best prepare to become science teachers themselves.

Basic Principles

The teaching of science is much the same as teaching any other subject. Teachers need to design new education curriculums as well as adhere to established curriculums and requirements. They need to help different students who possess varying preferences and abilities to most effectively learn the material. Science teachers need to present material in an engaging manner and in multiple ways to increase the understanding and knowledge retention of every student in their classes. For example, some of their teachings can be through lectures, some in small group discussions, and others through multimedia such as videos. Science teachers also heavily rely on hands-on learning to convey scientific subjects to their students, such as in labs, building structures, fieldwork, and other similar activities.


The education of science is as broad as science itself. Science is taught in grade school up through the college level, with some classes being very general and others very specific. The subjects taught can be as broad as biology and chemistry or as specific as teaching the scientific method and qualitative research in science. Science educators need to have a broad understanding of the sciences but can also specialize in areas that are of greatest interest to them. Before enrolling in a program to become a science educator, it is best to have a strong idea of what grade level and subjects a student wants to teach. However, it’s important to remember that can change if another subject or age group ultimately proves more interesting.

In High Demand

Science educators are in demand all across the country. Teacher shortages abound in spite of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reporting a modest growth of teaching positions. There are plenty of areas that are in desperate need of science teachers at all school levels. Because of this, students who want to become science teachers should have an easier time finding a job as well as faceless competition for positions. Another reason science teachers are in demand is because the STEM fields are increasingly popular for students to pursue. This is for a number of different reasons, such as job security and high salaries. With these fields in such high demand, there is also high demand for teachers to teach these subjects.

How To Specialize

There are a few ways both graduate and undergraduate students can specialize in their education curriculum. Perhaps the best way to specialize in science education is to double major in education and a scientific subject. If that isn’t possible, a major in science and a teacher perpetration program, including student teaching and meeting state requirements to get a teaching certificate, is also acceptable. In some cases, a student may even be able to design their own major or course. Students can further specialize when they reach the graduate level, where they can earn degrees such as a Doctorate of Education in Science or master’s degrees in science and education.

Students who want to teach the sciences at any level should have a strong understanding of the principles of scientific education. Science education is an exciting and rewarding field for the right people.

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